The Australian Shepherd, often known simply as "Aussie", is a medium-sized breed of dog.
Despite its name, developed on ranches in the Western United States of America during the 19th century. The dog was developed from a breeds from the Basque country in Western Europe. It was brought by Basque people to the United States. These people had previously lived only briefly in Australia before moving to America.
The breed otherwise has no connection to Australia. Australian Shepherds rose in popularity with a boom in Western riding after World War II. They became known to the general public through rodeos, horse shows and and movies and television. For many years, Aussies have been valued by stockmen for their versatility and trainability. While they continue to work as stock dogs and compete in herding trials, they have earned recognition in other roles due to their trainability and eagerness to please and are highly regarded for their skills in obedience.
Like all working breeds, Aussies have considerable energy and drive and usually need a job to keep them occupied. They often excel at dog sports such as agility and are also highly successful as each and rescue dogs detector dogs, service dogs and therapy dogs.